Even though human use of cannabis dates back to 2900 B.C., the conversation of marijuana being used for medical purposes is still a touchy topic. There are still many negative preconceived notions of people who use cannabis or hemp products. However, with 20+ countries, including Canada and the United States, decriminalizing and/or making medical marijuana use legal, suggests that there might be something more to it. There must be a more beneficial use for cannabis than just the enjoyment of euphoric feeling.
Out of the 104 chemical compounds found in marijuana/cannabis plants, Cannabidiol (CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the more commonly known chemicals associated with cannabis. Ironically, THC and CBD are polar opposites in how the individual chemicals interact with the human body. Unlike THC, CBD is not a psychoactive and actually counteracts THC's ability to get the body "high."
Marijuana impacts two types of receptors in the body: CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptors are found in the brain and deal with coordination, movement, pain, emotions, mood, thinking, appetite, and memories. CB2 receptors are found throughout the body, which impacts the immune system, inflammation and pain. THC, the main psychoactive component found in cannabis, activates CB1 receptors through binding to the receptors in the brain and nervous system, producing an intoxicating effect. This interaction with receptors is what produces the "high" associated with the use of marijuana.
On the other hand, Cannabidiol (CBD) does not directly affect CB1 nor CB2 receptors like THC does. In fact, Cannabidiol (CBD) is the most abundant non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis and acts as a THC prohibitor. In other words, CBD counteracts the effects that THC has on the body. If the amount of CBD is higher than THC, the body will not experience the "high."
CBD helps the body by encouraging receptors to increase their product of endocannabinoids as they occur naturally. We already have pre-existing endocannabinoids in our body; it is a group of naturally occurring by-product from the breakdown of long chain fatty acids. They are produced and released by neurons when the body says it needs them. For example, if the body has any inflammation, the receptors will release endocannabinoids to modulate the injury. CBD triggers the body to utilize and release more endocannabinoids like anadamide, vanilloid receptors, adenosine receptors and serotonin; these molecules help the body to fight depression, anxiety, inflammation, pain and insomnia.
It's easy to get confused by all the medical terminology, and not all of us have had the opportunity to use CBD oil. However, we've all experienced our endocannabinoids working in our bodies. To sum up, CBD oil simply allows our body to naturally use more of its own endocannabinoids. Unlike THC, CBD does this without activating CB1 and CB2 receptors in the body. CBD can affect our mood, however that is merely because it reacts in the body similar to how our body reacts to eating chocolate or drinking coffee; we experience an endorphin rush resulting in happiness.
You can find more information and products from essential oil brands partnering up with CBD providers like doTerra or Young Living